California Cyberhub Support Portal

ICT Sector Description & Pathways

Sector Description

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have expanded the need for employees who can understand, manage, and support all rapidly emerging, evolving, and converging computer, software, networking, telecommunications, Internet, programming, and information systems. Essential skills for careers in the ICT sector include understanding systems that support the management and flow of data, the ability to work well and communicate clearly with people, and the ability to manage projects efficiently. The ICT sector meets national criteria for high demand, high wages, and high skills and provides students with excellent opportunities for interesting work and good pay. More than 70 percent of jobs in this sector will require a bachelor’s degree or higher by 2018.

A. Information Support and Services Pathway

Students in the Information Support and Services pathway prepare for careers that involve the implementation of computer services and software, support of multimedia products and services, provision of technical assistance, creation of technical documentation, and the administration and management of information and communication systems. Mastery of information and communication technologies is the foundation for all successful business organizations today. Persons with expertise in information and communication technologies support and services are in high demand for a variety of positions in business and industry.

Sample occupations associated with this pathway:

  • Computer and Information Systems Manager
  • Computer User Support Specialist
  • Database Administrator
  • Document Management Specialist
  • Business Intelligence Analyst

B. Networking Pathway

Students in the Networking pathway prepare for careers that involve network analysis, planning, and implementation, including the design, installation, maintenance, and management of network systems. The successful establishment, maintenance, and securing of information and communication technologies infrastructure is critical to the success of every twenty-first-century organization. Employment continues to grow for persons with expertise in networking.

Sample occupations associated with this pathway:

  • Computer Security Specialist
  • Network Technician
  • Network Engineer
  • Network Administrator
  • Telecommunication Specialist

C. Software and Systems Development Pathway

Students in the Software and Systems Development pathway prepare for careers related to computer science that involve the design, development, implementation, maintenance, and management of systems that rely on software programs to satisfy the operational needs of modern business organizations. Persons with expertise in systems development and programming are critical to support operations like electronic commerce, medical records management, retail sales and inventory management, digital entertainment, and use of energy.

Sample occupations associated with this pathway:

  • Computer Programmer
  • Software Developer/Applications
  • Information Security Analyst
  • Web Developer
  • E-Business/E-Commerce Specialist

D. Games and Simulation Pathway

Students in the Game and Simulation pathway learn relevant technical knowledge and skills to prepare for further education and careers such as Game/Simulation Designer, Game Programmer, and Game Software Developer. Game and simulation design requires that students have a solid foundational understanding of game design, hardware, graphics, and animation. Persons with expertise in game and simulation design have had practical experiences in game/simulation conceptualization, design, storyboarding, development methodologies, essential programming techniques, working with a team, and implementation issues.

Sample occupations associated with this pathway:

  • Game/Simulation Designer
  • Game Programmer
  • Game Software Developer
  • Game Producer Multimedia Artist and Animator


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